We employ the Picarro L2140i water isotope analyzer for analysis of δD, δ17O, and δ18O. We routinely compare results from this instrument to the traditional water fluorination IRMS technique that we also employ.
We are tied to the VSMOW international scale via VSMOW and SLAP for our water isotope measurements. We maintain a suite of in-house reference waters measured against VSMOW and SLAP using GISP as a quality standard.
If you would like to submit water samples for δD, δ17O, and δ18O analysis, we prefer a minimum of 5 mL of sample in a labeled water tight plastic or glass container. Simple legible sample IDs are appreciated. We need to know if it is fresh or salt water. See the table below for sample analysis pricing. Given the nature of the Δ17O signal, this analysis requires a minimum of three replicates.
Exhaustive description of analysis
300 uL vials are loaded with 200 uL of sample or reference water and placed in a PAL autosampler tray. The δD, δ17O, and δ18O are measured 6-10 times for each vial from a 2 µL water injection. Between each injection, the cavity is purged with dry air and partially evacuated with a small pump.
- E. J. Steig, V. Gkinis, A. J. Schauer, S. W. Schoenemann, K. Samek, J. Hoffnagle, K. J. Dennis, S. M. Tan. Calibrated high-precision 17O-excess measurements using cavity ring-down spectroscopy with laser-current-tuned cavity resonance. Atmospheric Meas. Tech. 2014, 7, 2421.
- S. W. Schoenemann, A. J. Schauer, E. J. Steig. Measurement of SLAP2 and GISP δ17O and proposed VSMOW-SLAP normalization for δ17O and 17Oexcess. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 2013, 27, 582.